Wednesday, January 18, 2017

A medical school is a tertiary educational institution—or part of such an institution—that teaches medicine, and awards a professional degree for physicians and surgeons. Such medical degrees include the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS, MBChB, BMBS), Doctor of Medicine (MD), or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO). Many medical schools offer additional degrees, such as a Doctor of Philosophy, Master's degree, a physician assistant program, or other post-secondary education.

Medical schools can also employ medical researchers and operate hospitals. Around the world, criteria, structure, teaching methodology, and nature of medical programs offered at medical schools vary considerably. Medical schools are often highly competitive, using standardized entrance examinations, as well as grade point average and leadership roles, to narrow the selection criteria for candidates. In most countries, the study of medicine is completed as an undergraduate degree not requiring prerequisite undergraduate coursework. However, an increasing number of places are emerging for graduate entrants who have completed an undergraduate degree including some required courses. In the United States and Canada, almost all medical degrees are second entry degrees, and require several years of previous study at the university level.

Medical degrees are awarded to medical students after the completion of their degree program, which typically lasts five or more years for the undergraduate model and four years for the graduate model. Many modern medical schools integrate clinical education with basic sciences from the beginning of the curriculum (e.g.[1][2]). More traditional curricula are usually divided into preclinical and clinical blocks. In preclinical sciences, students study subjects such as biochemistry, genetics, pharmacology, pathology, anatomy, physiology and medical microbiology, among others. Subsequent clinical rotations usually include internal medicine, general surgery, pediatrics, psychiatry, and obstetrics and gynecology, among others.

Although medical schools confer upon graduates a medical degree, a physician typically may not legally practice medicine until licensed by the local government authority.[3] Licensing may also require passing a test, undergoing a criminal background check, checking references, paying a fee, and undergoing several years of postgraduate training. Medical schools are regulated by each country and appear in the World Directory of Medical Schools which was formed by the merger of the AVICENNA Directory for medicine and the FAIMER International Medical Education Directory.

Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry
Brighton and Sussex Medical School
Bristol Medical School
Durham University School of Medicine and Health
Hull York Medical School
Imperial College School of Medicine
Keele University School of Medicine
King's College London School of Medicine and Dentistry
Lancaster Medical School
Leeds School of Medicine
Leicester Medical School
Liverpool Medical School
Manchester Medical School
Medical Sciences Division, University of Oxford
Newcastle University Medical School
Norwich Medical School at The University of East Anglia
Peninsula College of Medicine and Dentistry
St George's, University of London
School of Clinical Medicine, University of Cambridge
Sheffield Medical School
Southampton Medical School
UCL Medical School
University of Birmingham Medical School
University of Nottingham Medical School
Warwick Medical School
University of Tartu, Faculty of Medicine
University of Eastern Finland – School of Medicine
University of Helsinki – Faculty of Medicine
University of Oulu – Faculty of Medicine
University of Tampere – Faculty of Medicine
University of Turku – Faculty of Medicine
Many French universities have a medical school, called UFR de Médecine, where UFR stands for Unité de Formation et de Recherche, or "Unit for training and research" in English.

Aix-Marseille University
University of Angers
University of Antilles-Guyane
Victor Segalen Bordeaux 2 University
University of Burgundy
University of Western Brittany
University of Caen Lower Normandy
University of Auvergne (Clermont-Ferrand I)
University of Franche-Comté
Joseph Fourier University (Grenoble I)
Université Lille Nord de France – Campus Lille II
University of Limoges
Claude Bernard University Lyon 1, two UFR of Medicine: Lyon Est and Lyon Sud
Jean Monnet University (Saint-Étienne)
University of Montpellier 1
Henri Poincaré University (Nancy I)
University of Nantes
University of Nice Sophia Antipolis
University of New Caledonia – only the first year
Paris Descartes University (Paris 5)
Pierre and Marie Curie University (Paris 6)
Paris Diderot University (Paris 7)
Paris-Sud 11 University
Paris 12 Val de Marne University
Paris 13 University (Paris North)
University of Picardy-Jules Verne (Amiens)
University of Poitiers
University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne
University of Rennes 1
University of Rouen
University of Strasbourg
Paul Sabatier University (Toulouse III), two UFR – Purpan and Rangueil
François Rabelais University (Tours)
Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines University
David Tvildiani Medical University
Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia
Petre Shotadze Tbilisi Medical Academy
Teaching University Geomedi Faculty of Medicine
New Vision University, Tbilisi, Georgia {}
Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg
Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg
Eberhard Karl University of Tübingen
University of Ulm