Monday, December 26, 2016


Gjuhe Shqipe dhe Letersi gjimnazi - SHIKO
Gjuhe Shqipe dhe Letersi profesionale - SHIKO

Educational technology
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"E-learning" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Online machine learning.
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Educational technology is defined by the Association for Educational Communications and Technology as "the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources."[1]

Educational technology refers to the use of both physical hardware and educational theoretics. It encompasses several domains, including learning theory, computer-based training, online learning, and, where mobile technologies are used, m-learning.[2] Accordingly, there are several discrete aspects to describing the intellectual and technical development of educational technology:

educational technology as the theory and practice of educational approaches to learning
educational technology as technological tools and media that assist in the communication of knowledge, and its development and exchange
educational technology for learning management systems (LMS), such as tools for student and curriculum management, and education management information systems (EMIS)
educational technology itself as an educational subject; such courses may be called "Computer Studies" or "Information and communications technology (ICT)".
Contents  [hide]
1 Definition
2 Related terms
3 History
4 Theory
4.1 Behaviorism
4.2 Cognitivism
4.3 Constructivism
5 Practice
5.1 Synchronous and asynchronous
5.2 Linear learning
5.3 Collaborative learning
6 Media
6.1 Audio and video
6.2 Computers, tablets and mobile devices
6.3 Social networks
6.4 Webcams
6.5 Whiteboards
6.6 Screencasting
6.7 Virtual classroom
6.8 E-learning authoring tools
6.9 Learning management system
6.10 Learning objects
7 Settings
7.1 Preschool
7.2 K–12
7.3 Higher education
7.4 Corporate and professional
7.5 Public health
7.6 ADHD
7.7 Disabilities
7.8 Identity options
8 Benefits
9 Disadvantages
9.1 Over-stimulation
9.2 Sociocultural criticism
10 Teacher training
11 Assessment
12 Analytics
13 Expenditure
14 Careers
15 See also
16 References
17 Further reading
Technology in education and technology of education are two different concepts which deal with the use of technological tools and innovative educational strategies respectively.

Richey defined educational technology as "the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources."[3] The Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) denoted instructional technology as "the theory and practice of design, development, utilization, management, and evaluation of processes and resources for learning."[4][5][6] As such, educational technology refers to all valid and reliable applied education sciences, such as equipment, as well as processes and procedures that are derived from scientific research, and in a given context may refer to theoretical, algorithmic or heuristic processes: it does not necessarily imply physical technology. Educational technology is the process of integrating technology into education in a positive manner that promotes a more diverse learning environment and a way for students to learn how to use technology as well as their common assignments.

Related terms[edit]

Early 20th century abacus used in a Danish elementary school.
Given this definition, educational technology is an inclusive term for both the material tools and the theoretical foundations for supporting learning and teaching. Educational technology is not restricted to high technology.[7] Education technology is anything that enhances classroom learning in the utilization of blended or online learning.[8]

However, modern electronic educational technology is an important part of society today.[9] Educational technology encompasses e-learning, instructional technology, information and communication technology (ICT) in education, EdTech, learning technology, multimedia learning, technology-enhanced learning (TEL), computer-based instruction (CBI), computer managed instruction, computer-based training (CBT), computer-assisted instruction or computer-aided instruction (CAI),[10] internet-based training (IBT), flexible learning, web-based training (WBT), online education, digital educational collaboration, distributed learning, computer-mediated communication, cyber-learning, and multi-modal instruction, virtual education, personal learning environments, networked learning, virtual learning environments (VLE) (which are also called learning platforms), m-learning, ubiquitous learning and digital education.

Each of these numerous terms has had its advocates, who point up potential distinctive features.[11] However, many terms and concepts in educational technology have been defined nebulously; for example, Fiedler's review of the literature found a complete lack agreement of the components of a personal learning environment.[12] Moreover, Moore saw these terminologies as emphasizing particular features such as digitization approaches, components or delivery methods rather than being fundamentally dissimilar in concept or principle.[11] For example, m-learning emphasizes mobility, which allows for altered timing, location, accessibility and context of learning;[13] nevertheless, its purpose and conceptual principles are those of educational technology.[11]